This book was started as the BookSprint project at the 2005 session of WSFII, in London, England (http://www.wsfii.org/). A core team of seven people built the initial outline over the course of the event, presented the results at the conference, and wrote the book over the course of a few months. Throughout the project, the core group has actively solicited contributions and feedback from the wireless networking community.
Core Contributors
Jane Butler


who is lead editor of this version of the book. Jane is currently President of the private Foundation called networktheworld.org which promotes and supports the growth of Internet connectivity around the world mainly by supporting wireless projects and training http://wirelessu.org. Jane is also head of industrial collaboration and outreach at University College London. Jane holds an Honours Degree in Engineering, is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Institution of Electronics and Technology. 

Ermanno Pietrosemoli

Ermanno is currently a researcher at the Telecommunications/ICT for Development Lab of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy, and President of Fundación Escuela Latinoamericana de Redes "EsLaRed", a non- profit organization that promotes ICT in Latin America through training and development projects. EsLaRed was awarded the 2008 Jonathan B. Postel Service Award by the Internet Society. Ermanno has been deploying wireless data communication networks focusing on low cost technology, and has participated in the planning and building of wireless data networks in Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Italy, Lesotho, Malawi, Mexico, Morocco, Nicaragua, Peru, Trinidad, U.S.A. and Venezuela. He has presented in many conferences and published several papers related to wireless data communication and is coauthor and technical reviewer of the book "Wireless Networking for the Developing World" freely available from http://wndw.net. Ermanno holds a Master's Degree from Stanford University and was Professor of Telecommunications at Universidad de los Andes in Venezuela from 1970 to 2000.

Marco Zennaro

Marco received his M.Sc. Degree in Electronic Engineering from University of Trieste in Italy. He defended his PhD thesis on “Wireless Sensor Networks for Development: Potentials and Open Issues” at KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. His research interest is in ICT4D, the use of ICT for Development.  In particular, he is interested in Wireless Networks and in Wireless Sensor Networks in developing countries. He has been giving lectures on Wireless technologies in more than 20 different countries. When not travelling, he is the editor of wsnblog.com.

Carlo Fonda

is a member of the Radio Communications Unit at the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy.

Stephen Okay

Steve is a geek-of-all-trades with over 20 years of experience in systems/network programming and administration with a particular passion for free/open networks and software. He has deployed wireless networks in Laos, Malawi, Italy, and the United States. He is an Inveneo co-founder and has taught workshops on VoIP and wireless networking at Institutions around the world. He lives and hacks in San Francisco, California.

Corinna "Elektra" Aichele

Elektra has been busy working on mesh networking protocols for the Freifunk community in Germany. Before inventing the B.A.T.M.A.N. routing protocol for wireless mesh networks in 2006, she was working on improving the OLSR routing protocol. She is one of the people behind the Mesh-Potato device, a rugged outdoor open-source and open-hardware WiFi router with an FXS port. She is part of the Villagetelco community, that strives to deploy mesh networks for VOIP and data. She lives in a solar-powered home in Berlin, Germany. The philosophy behind her ideas about ubiquitous communication for everyone is: "The fact that you talk in your head doesn't mean that you think - but only that you speak with yourself".

Sebastian Büttrich

pit.itu.dk / www.nsrc.org
Sebastian is Research Lab Manager at the IT University of Copenhagen, http://pit.itu.dk He works with embedded/pervasive systems, wireless technology, open source / free software and solar energy to build networks, systems, skills and capacity as a manager, developer, architect, consultant and teacher. This work focused on (but not limited to) developing countries and communities, especially in Asia and Africa. One current focus is to help develop campus networks for research and education, with emphasis on global integration and sustainability. His current side affiliations are: http://www.nsrc.org - the Network Startup Resource Center http://wire.less.dk - NGO and company co-founded with Tomas Krag http://wirelessU.org - a group of dedicated professionals working towards a world-wide, people-centered, inclusive Information Society http://wndw.net/ - Co-author of the Wireless Networking in the Developing World book. Sebastian holds a Ph.D. in Quantum Physics from the Technical University of Berlin in Germany, with a focus on optics, radio spectroscopy, photovoltaic systems and scientific programming. He loves and plays music, is fascinated and engaged with text, language and poetry in many forms.

Jim Forster

Jim is passionate about extending the Internet. He started at Cisco in 1988 when it was quite small and spent 20 years there, mostly in IOS Software Development and System Architecture, and becoming a Distinguished Engineer. While at Cisco he started working on projects and policies to improve Internet access in developing countries. Now he is engaged in both for-profit and non-profit efforts to extend communications in Africa and India. He founded networktheworld.org, a foundation dedicated to improving communications and Internet, especially in Africa and India. He is on several Board of Directors, including Range Networks / OpenBTS and Inveneo in the US, Esoko Networks in Ghana, and AirJaldi in India.

Klaas Wierenga

Klaas works in the Research and Advanced Development group at Cisco Systems where he focuses on Identity, Security and Mobility topics, often in collaboration with the Research and Education Community. He is co-author of the Cisco Press book "Building the Mobile Internet". Prior to joining Cisco he worked at SURFnet, the Dutch Research and Education Network, where he created the global WiFi roaming service in academia called eduroam. He is also the Chair of the Mobility Task Force of TERENA, the European association of R&E Networks. Klaas participates in a number of IETF working groups in the fields of identity, security and mobility and chairs the abfab working group that deals with federated identity for non-web applications. He can be reached at klaas@wierenga.net Eric Vyncke. Since 1997, Eric has worked as a Distinguished Engineer at Cisco in the field of security by assisting customers to deploy secure networks. Since 2005, Eric has also been active in the IPv6 area, he is notably the co-chair of the Belgian IPv6 Council and has a well-known site for monitoring IPv6 deployments: http://www.vyncke.org/ipv6status/ He is also Associate Professor at the University of Liège in Belgium. He participates in several IETF working groups related to security or to IPv6.

Eric Vyncke

Eric Vyncke works as a Distinguished Consulting Engineer for Cisco. Eric wrote the security section of Networks: Internet, Telephony, Multimedia: Convergences and Complementarities (Springler Verlag, 2003), and has a Master Degree in Computer Science Engineering from the University of Liège.

Bruce Baikie

Bruce is a member of the Broadband for Good team at Inveneo as Senior Director Broadband Initiatives. He is leveraging his extensive experience in the energy and telecom industries, and 16 years at Sun Microsystems as telecom industry expert to advise on implementing solar powered ICT4D projects. His areas of expertise include: wireless networking, eco-data centers, DC telecom power systems, and solar power. Bruce has published numerous white papers and articles on green data center operations and solar power in ICT4D. His educational background includes a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Michigan Technological University and advanced studies in International Business from the University of Wisconsin. Bruce is also a guest lecturer on solar powered ICT4D at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy. During past two years, Bruce has been mentoring engineering students from Illinois Institute of Technology, University of Colorado-Boulder, San Francisco State University, and San Jose State University in ICT4D design and projects in Haiti, West Africa, and Micronesia.

Laura Hosman

Laura is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Illinois Institute of Technology. Prior to IIT, Professor Hosman held postdoctoral research fellow positions at the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Southern California (USC). She graduated with a PhD in Political Economy and Public Policy from USC. Her current research focuses on the role of information and communications technology (ICT) in developing countries, particularly in terms of its potential effects on socio-cultural factors, human development, and economic growth.  Her work focuses on two main areas: Public-Private Partnerships and ICT-in-education, both with a focus on the developing world. 

Michael Ginguld

Founder, Director - Strategy and Operations, Rural Broad Band Pvt. Ltd.Co-Founder, CEO, AirJaldi Research and Innovation. Michael was born and raised in Kibbutz Kissufim in Israel. He has more than 20 years of experience working in ICT, community and rural development projects in India, Indonesia, Cambodia, Nepal, and Israel.  Michael worked in the non-profit and for- profit sectors with start-up grassroots organizations, advocacy groups, large international NGOs and commercial enterprises working in developing countries.  Michael worked and lived in Dharamsala between 1998 and 2002 and returned to India in the beginning of 2007 to join a rural connectivity initiative that eventually led to the creation of AirJaldi Research and Innovation, a non-profit organization dedicated to R&D and capacity building work in the field of Wireless networks in 2007, and of RBB, a for-profit working on the design, deployment and management of rural broad band networks in rural areas, in 2009. Michael holds a B.Sc. in Ag. Economics from the Hebrew University., Jerusalem, Israel, an MA in Development Studies from the Institute of Social Studies, the Hague, the Netherlands, and an MA in Public Administration from the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA. Michael is based in Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, India. 

Emmanuel Togo

Emmanuel is from Ghana, and earned his first degree in Computer Science and Physics from University of Ghana in 1999. He currently works as the Head of the Networking Unit of the University of Ghana's Computing Systems (UGCS).  He is also a founding member of the Ghanaian Academic and Research Network's (GARNET) technical team working to build the national research and education network in Ghana. Emmanuel's current focus is designing and deploying an affordable, large-scale campus-wide WiFi network in Ghana.

Open Technology Institute

(who provided a case study), strengthens individuals and communities through policy research, applied learning, and technological innovation.

Paolo Atzori

hyphae.org / www.xtendedlab.com / www.khm.de/~Paolo
Paolo studied Architecture in Venice and Rome and Media Arts in Cologne. After working as an architect in Vienna, Paolo collaborated with the Cologne Academy of Media Arts (KHM); At NABA, Milan he was named the Director of the Master Digital Environment Design and Advisor of the PhD program of the Planetary Collegium, M- Node. He has created many theatrical and artistic projects, introducing new representations of space characterised by the dynamics of pervasiveness and interaction. Paolo has also curated exhibitions dedicated to digital arts, directed educational programs, and published articles and essays on digital culture. He has lived and worked in Venice, Rome, New York, Vienna, Cologne, Brussels, Tel Aviv. Since 2005 he has lived with his partner Nicole and their children Alma and Zeno in Trieste, Italy. In 2011 he founded with Nicole Leghissa the Agency "Hyphae”.
Authors and editors of earlier versions of the book

Erik Bernacchi

erikbernacchi.com / The Loop
Erik is a polymath designer grown in Italy. He focused his artistic talent in college, attending Art Direction & Graphic design at NABA in Milan. After 5 years of work experience in Italy He moved overseas. Now is working at M&a in Sydney.

Contributors to earlier version of the book
Rob Flickenger

Rob has written and edited several books about wireless networking and Linux, including Wireless Hacks (O’Reilly) and How To Accelerate Your Internet (http://bwmo.net/). He is proud to be a hacker, amateur mad scientist, and proponent of free networks everywhere.

Laura M. Drewett

is a Co-Founder of Adapted Consulting Inc., a social enterprise that specialises in adapting technology and business solutions for the developing world. Since Laura first lived in Mali in the 1990s and wrote her thesis on girls’ education programs, she has strived to find sustainable solutions for development. Laura holds a Bachelors of Arts with Distinction in Foreign Affairs and French from the University of Virginia and a Master’s Certificate in Project Management from the George Washington University School of Business.

Alberto Escudero-Pascual & Louise Berthilson

are the founders of IT+46, a Swedish consultancy company with focus on information technology in developing regions. IT+46 is internationally known for promoting and implementing wireless Internet infrastructure in rural areas of Africa and Latinoamerica. Since 2004, the company has trained over 350 people in 14 countries and released over 600 pages of documentation under Creative Commons License. More information can be found at http://www.it46.se/

Ian Howard

After flying around the world for seven years as a paratrooper in the Canadian military, Ian Howard decided to trade his gun for a computer. After finishing a degree in environmental sciences at the University of Waterloo he wrote in a proposal, "Wireless technology has the opportunity to bridge the digital divide. Poor nations, who do not have the infrastructure for interconnectivity as we do, will now be able to create a wireless infrastructure." As a reward, Geekcorps sent him to Mali as the Geekcorps Mali Program Manager, where he led a team equipping radio stations with wireless interconnections and designed content sharing systems.

Kyle Johnston


Tomas Krag

spends his days working with wire.less.dk, a registered non-profit, based in Copenhagen, which he founded with his friend and colleague Sebastian Büttrich in early 2002. wire.less.dk specialises in community wireless networking solutions, and has a special focus on low-cost wireless networks for the developing world. Tomas is also an associate of the Tactical Technology Collective http://www.tacticaltech.org, an Amsterdam-based non-profit “to strengthen social technology movements and networks in developing and transition countries, as well as promote civil society’s effective, conscious and creative use of new technologies.” Currently most of his energy goes into the Wireless Roadshow (http://www.thewirelessroadshow.org), a project that supports civil society partners in the developing world in planning, building and sustaining connectivity solutions based on license-exempt spectrum, open technology and open knowledge.

Gina Kupfermann

is graduate engineer in energy management and holds a degree in engineering and business. Besides her profession as financial controller she has worked for various self-organised community projects and nonprofit organisations. Since 2005 she is member of the executive board of the development association for free networks, the legal entity of freifunk.net.

Adam Messer

Originally trained as an insect scientist, Adam Messer metamorphosed into a telecommunications professional after a chance conversation in 1995 led him to start one of Africa's first ISPs. Pioneering wireless data services in Tanzania, Messer worked for 11 years in eastern and southern Africa in voice and data communications for startups and multinational cellular carriers. He now resides in Amman, Jordan.

Juergen Neumann

Started working with information technology in 1984 and since then has been looking for ways to deploy ICT in useful ways for organizations and society. As a consultant for ICT strategy and implementation, he has worked for major German and international companies and many non-profit projects. In 2002 he cofounded www.freifunk.net, a campaign for spreading knowledge and social networking about free and open networks. Freifunk is globally regarded as one of the most successful community-projects in this field.

Frédéric Renet

is a co-founder of Technical Solutions at Adapted Consulting, Inc. Frédéric has been involved in ICT for more than 10 years and has worked with computers since his childhood. He began his ICT career in the early 1990s with a bulletin board system (BBS) on an analog modem and has since continued to create systems that enhance communication. Most recently, Frédéric spent more than a year at IESC/Geekcorps Mali as a consultant. In this capacity, he designed many innovative solutions for FM radio broadcasting, school computer labs and lighting systems for rural communities.